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Xi'an Facts:

Xi'an (xian) is the most historic city in China. Never break bowl Xi‟an because it might be
produced in Qin Dynasty. At present many ancient relics still exist in Xi‟an such as Terra
cotta Warriors and Horses, Big Wild Goose Pagoda and Banpo Museum. Xi'an Attractions

Chinese Pinyin: Xī ān

Location: Xi'an (xian) is located at latitude 34°14′N and longitude 108°55′E. It lies in the
northwest of China and borders on Qin Mountain to the south and Wei River to the north.

Area: Xi'an covers an area of 10.7 thousand square kilometres.

Terrain: The north of Xi‟an is plain and the south of Xi‟an is hill. The southeast is higher
then southwest. The altitude of Qingling Mountain is 2000-2800 meters high. It is the
borderline of northern China and southern China.

Climate: January, with an average temperature of -0.9℃, is the coldest month and July, with
an average temperature of 26.4℃, is the warmest month. Xi'an Weather

Number of Population: 7.7 million

Languages: Mandarin and Xi'an Dialect.

History of Xi'an: In ancient time, Xi‟an was always the political centre of China. More than
12 Chinese ancient dynasties set Xi‟an as their capital. In Tang Dynasty, lots of emissaries
came to Xi‟an to learn Chinese culture and industrial technologies. Many Chinese and
foreign merchants transported silk, tea and artworks from Xi‟an to Western world so Xi‟an
is the start of Silk Road. Xi'an History

Xian City:

The city of Xi‟an was the first Chinese city to open its doors to the ancient world, not in 1980
under the “Open Door” policy, but in fact during the Tang dynasty when Xi‟an blossomed as
the first stop on the Silk Road. Over a period of more than 2000 years, Xi‟an was the capital
for eleven dynasties. Along with Rome and Constantinople, this city was a world leader in
culture and trade and played a vital role in bridging the gap between east and west.

Among the many dynasties Xi‟an was capital to, Qin, the first empire of China, and Tang,
the peak of China‟s ancient culture, have left the city with the most abundant legacy. The
Terracotta Warriors of the Qin Dynasty, an attached defending army to the first emperor of
China, is regarded as “the eighth wonder of the world”. The Tang Dynasty has endowed Xi
‟an even more relics, including the Tomb of Concubine Yang, Huaqing Pool and Dufu
Memorial Temple all date back to that period.

Xi‟an was the first stop of Indian Buddhism preached in China; the sophisticated system
of? Philosophy first came to Xi‟an 2000 years ago and later being developed into the
dominant religion. The Famen Temple in Xi‟an is the only temple in mainland China to
have true relics of Buddha Syakamuni.

Aside from being a major tourist destination and historical city, today Xi‟an is an important
industrial and manufacturing center. In addition to Xi‟an‟s incredible history, it is a modern
and prosperous area. Xi‟an Jiaotong University is considered to be one of the best in China
giving the city has a large student population who contribute to its cultural life. Thanks to its
modern amenities and rich history, Xi‟an is an ideal city to study Chinese language and

Sight Overview
  • Forest of Steles
  • The Bell Tower and the Drum TowerFamen Temple
  • The Imperial Tombs
  • The Large Wild Goose Pagoda
  • Xi‟an City Walls
  • BanPo Neolithic Villge
  • The Small Wild Goos
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